Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching and Referral Hospital and Kisumu East District Hospital will be partnering with the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) and Kenya's Ministry of Health to support the establishment of CHAMPS in Kenya.
The CHAMPS site in Kisumu, Kenya will utilize two local health care facilities: Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching and Referral Hospital and Kisumu East District Hospital. These facilities have previously been used for a wide range of research studies, including clinical trials for tuberculosis and HIV. CDC has supported HIV services at the site since the mid-2000s.
CHAMPS’s work in Kisumu will be informed by a close collaboration between CDC Kenya, the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) and Kenya’s Ministry of Health (MOH). Research at the two aforementioned health care facilities has already informed national health care actions through identification of programmatic gaps and formulation of high-priority research questions related to both local and global policy.
CDC and KEMRI collaborated with MOH in 2012-13 to study the sensitivity and specificity of verbal autopsy. This study led the MOH to find alternative, yet practical, ways to measure mortality.
CDC also has a good relationship with Kisumu’s current County Health Director, Dr. Dickens Onyango, a graduate of CDC’s Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program. Dr. Onyango has served as lead or co-investigator on several projects.
With the support of the Cabinet Secretary for Health, Kenya is embarking on creation of a comprehensive NPHI, with core functions aligned within the Ministry’s Department of Preventive and Promotive Health. The aim is to integrate and co-locate the functional components of public health at the national level to provide a prominent focal point for evidence-based public health decision-making. NPHI development will also ensure capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to disease outbreaks as well as support Kenya’s ability to implement the minimum capacity requirements of WHO’s International Health Regulations.
NPHI-related DPPH units will include the Division of Disease Surveillance and Epidemic Response, the Division of National Public Health Laboratory Services, the Field Epidemiology Laboratory Training Program, and the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit. According to the Cabinet Secretary for Health, concentrating these public health functions within an NPHI will strengthen Kenya’s national public health system, increase efficiency and accountability, and enhance the visibility of public health. With devolution of many powers and authorities to Kenya’s 47 counties, a strong NPHI will also ensure proper ‘cascading’ of the MOH agenda to the county level and continued optimal performance of the core functions of public health.
The Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) was founded through the Kenyan Science and Technology (Amendment) Act of 1979, establishing KEMRI as the state body responsible for health research in Kenya. KEMRI collaborates with other research organizations and academic institutions to conduct research in human health. This research is used to inform national policy.
Additionally, KEMRI provides disease surveillance and rapid response capacity for major disease outbreaks, develops guidelines on biosafety and biosecurity, the regulation of traditional medicine, and the prevention cancers. KEMRI trains scientists to promote health research throughout Kenya and Africa.
CDC Kenya saves lives by conducting research on the effectiveness of new interventions such as vaccines, drugs, and diagnostics and by implementing evidence based public health programs to prevent disease and reduce death and disability. As part of the Center for Global Health, CDC Kenya advances science and technology in Kenya and the East Africa region, particularly where current solutions are lacking. Once tools are shown to be effective, CDC Kenya evaluates ways to improve delivery and address obstacles to uptake. CDC Kenya helps translate research findings into policy recommendations alongside the Government of Kenya, World Health Organization, and other partners.
The Henry Jackson Foundation (HJF) is a global organization dedicated to advancing military medical research. HJF serves military, medical, academic and government clients by administering, managing and supporting preeminent scientific programs that benefit members of the armed forces and civilians alike. HJF provides scientific and management services, from infrastructure development, financial administration and clinical trials management to staffing, continuing medical education and event planning. The Foundation works with a variety of programs, from large multi-site trials to small, benchtop projects, both in the United States and abroad. In Kenya, HJF provides expertise to CHAMPS.